Warfighters are morphing their way of thinking within this era of increased Electronic Warfare (EW) through the deployment of Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) interdependencies. Establishing an EMS understanding within the strategic framework oriented and focused on EW activities in the areas of acquisition, business processes, intelligence, operations, and training where fundamental principles guide an enhanced EW community toward coordinated, coherent approaches is a current EW profession requirement. This includes the EW relationship within cyberspace and Information Operations (IO) communities.
So, What is EMS?
Electronic warfare, or EW, is the use or control of electro-magnetic energy either in defense, or for the purposes of a military attack on an enemy.
There are three components of electronic warfare:
- electronic countermeasures or electronic attack,
- electronic counter-countermeasures or electronic protection, and
- electronic warfare support measures.
Electromagnetism and the electromagnetic spectrum are devoted to a branch of physics studying electric and magnetic phenomena. The focus is on electromagnetic force, which along with gravitation and strong | weak nuclear forces is one of four fundamental interactions in nature. (Cited: Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security.)
It is easy to understand the magnitude of EW and EMS in modern warfare techniques.
The Use of EW | EMS in Warfare
Through comprehensive EW training military forces are enabled to effectively operate in domain using EMS as a critical asymmetric warfare device.The need for greater electronic command and control to protect ground forces is recognized by the DoD (Department of Defense) and the U.S. Army. The development of EW as a core warfighting capability not only counter IEDs in Iraq and Afghanistan (especially vehicle borne IEDs), but also prepare for future combat against asymmetric threats.
The development of Army EW is challenging, primarily because the Army is starting from scratch. For years, the U.S. Army neglected EW programs and training.
The former viewpoint that the Army served solely as a force protector and enabler through the Vietnam War allowed the development of EW expertise to slowly decline over the past 30 years. In fact, for Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), EW expertise in Army Staff was left to one contractor in Army G8. This reality equated to a less than adequate level of expertise necessary to effectively counter this new asymmetric threat. (Cited: Making Up for Lost Time, The Army is stepping up to fill a critical gap in EW Training Joseph R. Pitts, Member of Congress, Co-Chairman Electronic Warfare Working Group – 2007.)
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Source: Joseph R. Pitts, Member of Congress, Co-Chairman Electronic Warfare Working Group